Unit 9 Gymnastics
【重点词语】fortunate, require, gymnastics, be proud of, keep one’s balance, lose one’s
voice, knock into, fall over, start with, be content with, prepare sb for…
glance at, by oneself, be fit to do sth
【重点句型】强调句It + be + 被强调的部分 + that / who + 其他成分
【能力指导】阅读 (五) --- 阅读理解的应试技巧和能力的提高
Read Lesson 35 and find out what Zhou Lan did in her first gymnastics competition. Then put the following sentences into a paragraph according to the text.
a. She jumped upwards, caught the high bar in both hands and did a near circle.
b .They each had to perform on three pieces of equipment as well as floor.
c. In all she gave a very good performance and landed neatly on the floor.
d. It was time for her performance on the high-and-low bars.
f. The results were announced and Zhou Lan was first.
g. Zhou Lan started talking to one of the girls and soon they were getting on well.
h. The first thing she did was go up to her trainer and thank her for all her help.
The right order is __________.
参考答案: f b d a c e g
1. She is at the doctor’s. 她在诊所看病。
the butcher’s 肉店
the grocer’s 杂货店
the barber’s 理发店
his brother’s 他兄弟家
St. Paul’s 圣保罗教堂
2. There is something wrong with… 有毛病，有问题。
Something is wrong with…
Nothing is wrong with…,
Is there anything wrong with…?
What’s the matter with…?
There’s something the matter with…,
Have you the matter with…?
3. It feels a bit tense. 它摸上去有点绷紧。
此句中的feel为系动词。在英语中有些连系动词如：feel, sound, taste, smell, look, eat等，表示一种特征或状态，有“被人感觉到”的意思。 例如：
The cloth feels soft. 这布料摸起来很软。
The flowers smelt sweet. 这花闻起来很香。
He looked a bit excited. 他看上去有点激动。
The cake eats crisp. 这糕点吃起来很脆。
4．Someone was standing too close and I knocked into him…
knock into… 撞上某人或某物。如：
He was thinking of something, so he knocked into a tree before realizing it.
５．They won’t be fit to eat. 它们（冰豆）不适宜吃。
1).be fit to do…适合于… 例如：
The water is not fit to drink. 这水不适合饮用。
The cold weather is fit to swim in. 这冷天正适合游泳。
这里要注意不定式是主动式表被动概念。在句型 主语+be+程度形容词+to do sth.时，不定式尽管与句子的主语是被动关系，但不用被动式。
如：The book is easy to read.这本书很容易读懂。
2).be fit for… 适合于…
He is fit for the Job. 他适合做这工作。
6．…where they could do body building and … 在那儿他们可进行健身运动……。
do body-building 做健身操
如：do stamp-collecting, do book-writing, do book-reviewing,
do shoe-making, do sight-seeing…
7．In competitions women perform some of their exercises to music…
如：They were dancing to the music of a piano.
The poem has been set to music.
8．In fact, most gymnasts start with simple exercises …
Dictionaries usually start with the letter “A”. 词典通常以字母“Ａ”开始。
The illness usually starts with a slight cough. 这种病开始通常是轻微的咳嗽。
有时候to start with 可以做插入语，意思是“开始时，首先。”
To start with, you’ll have to pass the exam. 首先，你得通过考试。
9．Training by yourself in a gym can be highly dangerous.
1) by oneself 有两种用法：
① 表示“独立，无助地” 例如：
The box is too heavy for me to lift by myself. 这个箱子太重，我一个人是搬不起来的。
He often makes a journey by himself. 他经常独自一人去旅游。
speak highly of… 高度赞扬/评价/
highly interesting 极其有趣
fly high 高飞
10. She was just content to do her best in this, her first competition.
1) be content to do…能做…已经感到知足（很满意）了。 例如：
He wasn’t content to live a quiet life in a small town.
2) be content with…“满足于…”着重强调“无所它求”“知足”的意思。
如：She was not content with what she had; she wanted more.
11.Zhou Lan started talking to one of them and soon they were getting on well together.
get on 意为“生活／工作等方面进行得…,”“相处…” 例如：
How are you getting on with your English? 你英语学得怎样？
When I was in America, I got on well with Professor Smith.
12.They each had to perform on three pieces of equipment as well as the floor.
They each have some good ways of learning.
The students were each sure that their team would win.
13 In all, she gave a very good performance and landed neatly and steadily on the floor at the end.
There are fifty students in our class in all. 我们班总共有50名同学。
In all he did well in the exam. 总的来讲他考得很好。
14.Zhou Lan glanced at the judges who were busy writing on their work sheets.
1) glance at…是“对…匆匆一看”，“很快看了一眼，”“瞥了一眼…”之意。 例如：
He glanced at her and knew she was angry.
2) be busy doing sth. 是“忙着做…”之意。
They are busy preparing for the exam.
15. I cheered so loudly at the match that I completely lost my voice.
lose one’s voice 是“嗓了哑”，“失声”的意思
例如： I have lost my voice as a result of a bad cold.
三、口语操练 Seeing the doctor
What can I do for you ?
Let me take a look at it .
It’s nothing serious .
There’s something wrong with….
I’ve got a pain in….
Something is wrong with…
Nothing is wrong with…,
Is there anything wrong with…?
What’s the matter with…?
There’s something the matter with…,
Have you the matter with…?
What can I do for you? I’ve got a headache/cough/a fever.
What’s the matter with you? I’ve got a pain in…
What’s wrong with you? My head aches all day long.
What’s your trouble? There is something wrong with my arm.
It’s nothing serious. I cough day and night.
Just a little cold. I feel terrible / very bad.
Take the medicine three times a day. This place hurts.
You’ll be all right / well / better soon. I hurt my fist while I was boxing.
Do drink more water and have enough rest. I fell off my bike and hurt my left leg.
本单元3 Practice Agreement 中除了第三小题以外，其余各句均涉及到做主语的名词为集合名词（collective noun）。
例如：This class is going to take it’s picture. 这个班要照集体像。（单数性）
This class are doing experiments in the lab. 学生们在实验实正在做实验。
The population on the earth is increasing very fast. 世界人口正在速迅增长。
The population of the town are mostly farmers. 这个镇的居民大部分是农民。
常用的集合名词：class, family, population, court, crowd, committee, audience, crew, group, team, police, committee (委员会)等。
Her teeth ached. 她牙疼。
This kind of medicine can be used to relieve cancer pain. 这种药可用来解除癌痛。
He came in with a pained expression. 他表情痛苦地走了进来。
在阅读过程中，考生可利用语言信号词查找信息。例如，引导表示“转折”或相反意义的词和词组有however，but等；表示进一步或附加信息的有moreover，besides，again等；表示举例的有such as， for instance等；表示目的的有for this purpose等；表示结果的有thus等。
1.The man g____ at the clock on the wall and realized that his train had already left.
2. Mr. Li will be the j____ of our football match.
3. He has won the race and decided to win greater v______.
4. Safety m____ should be taken while gymnasts are training.
5. She had no time to look after her child, so she sent him to the k_____.
6. When the performance finished, the audience(观众) c______ for a while.
7. People in the flood areas need more food and c_______.
8. My a _____ is to be a scientist.
9. No g____ without pains.
10. The m____ on the floor is soft. He fell down but was not hurt.
1. What ______ he blamed you for ?
A. is there why B. was it that C. did D. was
2. ______of them requires the equipment to ______.
A. Each; move B. No one; moved C. All; be moving D. None; be moved
3. The trainer watched the competition, ______.
A. looked a bit tense B. looking tensely
C. looks tense D. looking a bit tense
4. ______ more attention, the trees could have grown well by now.
A. Had they been gave B. If they were given
C. Had they been given D. If they had given
5. Is there anything ______ in today’s paper?
A. matters B. the matter C. matter D. to be the matter
6. I hurt my fist when ______.
A. boxed B. boxing C. am boxing D. was boxed
7. Have you found anything ______?
A. fitted to eat B. fit to be eaten C. fits to be eaten D. fit to eat
8. Sometimes it can be difficult to catch ______ children at kindergarten say.
A. how B. when C. what D. while
9. The doctors ______Sharon to use the hot-cloth-and-frozen-press treatment.
A. suggested B. agreed C. hoped D. advised
10. I ______ their party out of friendship.
A. took part in B. attended C. joined D. went
11. ______ in many competitions, she gained ______.
A. Performing; experiences B. having been performed; experience
C. Having performed; experience D. Performed; experience
12. They ______ the coming exam.
A. prepared well for B. are prepared well for
C. get ready for D. are prepared themselves for
13. You must make sure ______ the handles fixed well to the top surface.
A. / B. of C. that D. whether
14. He ran up to the injured man ______ the bike.
A. who fell off B. falling over C. fell down from D. fell off from
15. ----______ should Wilma be taken to hospital?
---- Once a week.
A. How often B. How long C. when D. How many
16.The acrobat(杂技演员)____ on the high rope.
A. kept him B. kept his balance
C. eaves himself D. was balanced himself
17.The teachers _____ their lessons, while the students_____ the examination.
A. are preparing; are preparing B. are preparing; are preparing for
C. are preparing for; are preparing D. are preparing for; are preparing for
18. ______ proud the Wangs were ______ their bright son!
A. How; for B. What; of C. How; of D. What; for
19.Was it around the year 776 B.C.______ the old Olympic Games from which the modern games came began in Greece?
A. which B. where C. that D. when
20.All passengers _____ to show the tickets next time.
A. require B. will require C. are required D. are to require
III. 翻译句子 10%
IV. 完形填空 20%
On April 5, 1971,the government of China asked the government of the United States this question: “Would the U.S. Table Tennis Team like to __1__ a week competing in ping-pong games in China?” The __2__ was yes! For 20 years, Americans had not been allowed to __3___ the land of China.
The 15 members of the U.S. ping-pong team did not know much about the country they __4__ to visit. They had little __5___ about the land or the population of China, __6__,they found it different from what they__7__! They had thought the people of China would be __8___ and unfriendly. Instead, there were friendly Chinese everywhere waving and __9___.
Never before had a sport become such a powerful instrument(工具)of __10__ and friendship between two__11__! The United States and China had been completely out of __12___ with each other for many years. The visit of the American ping-pong team to China __13__ new efforts at Communication __14__ the two countries.
The Chinese have __15___ been the world table tennis champions, and they ___16__ most of the games. But who won the ping-pong competition was not as_17__ as the new friends that were __18__. “Winning doesn’t __19___,” one of the Chinese players said, “but __20___ does.”
1.A.take B. pass C. use D. spend
2.A.invitation B. answer C. offer D. result
3.A.enter B. talk about C. understand D. result
4.A.tried B. were C. had D. began
5.A.questions B. problem C. worry D. information
6.A.Once more B. Exactly C. Even so D. In fact
7.A.had expected B. imagine C. wanted D. had seen
8.A.foolish B. cold C. warm D. proud
9.A.waiting B. shouting C. smiling D. jumping
10.A.people B. sports C. war D. peace
11.A.lands B. government C. nations D. enemies
12.A.war B. touch C. trouble D. question
13.A.took B. brought about C. showed D. offered
14.A.of B. to C. between D. for
15.A.never B. always C. long D. not
16.A.held B. attended C. won D. lost
17.A.many B. clear C. important D. often
18.A.met B. known C. found D. made
19.A.long B. exist C. last D. mind
20.A.time B. the sport C. friendship D. peace
V. 阅读理解 20%
In Shanxi Province you may be offered brains to eat. Frightened? You shouldn't be. Because these brains are only a food, which is famous for its unusual name and rich nutrition (营养).
Brains as a food were invented more than 300 years ago by Fu Shan, an artist whose mother had been ill for a long time. To help her become well again, he studied medicine and invented a kind of soup (汤) made of meat, vegetables and a number of Chinese medicines. Rice wine was also used in the soup to help illnesses caused by old age. After taking the soup his mother got better little and lived a long life.
Fu's soup became the talk of the town. Many people came to see him. One day a restaurant owner asked him what was in the soup. "I'll tell you," Fu said. "But if your restaurant is going to sell the soup you must call it brains because of its shape and colour. And your restaurant should be renamed after my mother."
1.The best headline for this newspaper article is _________.
A．A Good Son
B．A special Soup
C．How to Make Brains
D．How to Live a Long Life
2.The food is called brains because __________.
A．it looks like brains
B．it has animal brains in it
C．Fu's mother liked the name
D．it makes one clever and live longer
3.Before Fu told the restaurant owner what was in the food, one of the things he demanded
was that ________.
A．the restaurant shouldn't offer any other food
B．the restaurant should use his mother's name
C．the shape of the food must never be changed
D．the food must be used to help sick people
4.The food was first invented to ___________.
A．help the aged in the town
B．improve people's health
C．make a restaurant famous
D．help a sick woman
5.What has made brains a popular food in Shanxi?
A．They are served in many restaurants there.
B．They are good for health and have a strange name.
C．They are made of Chinese medicines and wine.
D．They were invented a long time ago by an artist.
When Laura reached school-going age the discussions about moving became more urgent. Her father did not want the children to go to school with the village children and for once her mother agreed with him. Not because, as he said, they ought to have a better education than they could get at Lark Rise; but because she feared they would tear their clothes and catch cold and get dirty heads going a mile and a half to and from the school in the village. So empty cottages in the market town were examined and often it seemed that the next week or the next month they would be leaving Lark Rise for ever; but again each time something would happen to prevent the removal, and gradually a new idea came up. To gain time, their father would teach the two eldest children to read and write, so that, if asked by the School Attendance Office, their mother could say they were leaving the small village for home.
So their father brought home two copies of Wavor’s First Reader and taught them the alphabet; but just as Laura was beginning on words of one syllable, he was sent away to work on a distant job, only coming home at weekends. Laura, left at the c-at s-i-t-s on the m-a-t’s stage, then had to carry her book round after her mother as she went about her housework, asking, “Please, Mother, what does it mean?” or “ How can this be spelt?, Mother, What is that?” Often when her mother was too busy or too tired to attend to her, she would sit and fix her eyes on a page that had been printed in Hebrew for all she could make of it, frowning and studying the print as though she would make out the meaning by force of concentration.
After weeks of this, there came a day when, quite suddenly, as it seemed to her, the printed characters took on a meaning; but she could jump those and yet make sense of the whole. “I’m reading! I’m reading!” she cried aloud. “Oh, Mother! Oh, Edmund! I’m reading!”
1. Laura’s father didn’t want his children to go to school at Lark Rise because ________.
A. it was too far away B. they couldn’t learn enough
C. their hair would become dirty D. they would ruin their clothes
2.The children’s father decided to teach them to read and write so that they ________.
A．had an excuse not to have to move
B．had a reason for not attending school
C．could write to the School Attendance Office
D．would be educated before they left the village
3.The underlined part left at the c-at s-i-t-s on the m-a-t’s stage suggested that ________.
A. Laura was working hard and learning quickly
B. Her father had no time to teach her
C. Her mother was too busy to attend to her
D. Laura knew little about how to read and write
A tornado（龙卷风）can do a lot of damage. The wind of a tornado rushes at great speed around a funnel-shaped（漏斗状）cloud. It travels in a path a few hundred feet wide and about twenty-five miles long. As the wind circles counter clock （逆时针方向的），the funnel spirals（盘旋上升）higher and higher. The force of the wind sucks up water, dirt, and objects and carries them along with it. It may drop them again many miles away. Houses and huge trees can be drawn into tornado funnels, At sea, ships can be nearly sunken by tornadoes dropping water on them.
In the east of Australia, people often talk of the “rain of blood”. This is caused by a tornado which brings up red dust and mixes it with water and makes the red rain. These are even stories about a rain of fish and frogs. That is also caused by a tornado, which sucks them up and then drops them down.
1. The wind in a tornado usually travels _________.
A. straight up B. up and round
C. down D. down and round
2. Ships can be nearly sunken when the tornadoes _________.
A. draw them into the funnel
B. drop water on them
C. blow them in the wrong direction
D. drop trees on them
VI. 短文改错 10%
You may find your waiter unusual friendly. 1. ___________
He may ask you what you are (you’re supposed 2.___________
just to say “Fine”), ignoring whether you 3.___________
had a good day and later on say that he 4.___________
wishes you will enjoy your meal. 5.___________
To call a waiter in a American restaurant 6.___________
you may call “Bill” or “Mary” and whatever. Waiters 7.___________
and waitress often actually introduce themselves 8.___________
before they first come to your table and you 9.___________
permitted to use their first names. 10.__________
VII. 书面表达 15%
2. 情景：今天上午你去街上买东西。下了公共汽车，看见两个外国朋友在向一个中年人问路， 但这个中年人不懂英语。于是你上前去用英语问他们是否需要你的帮助。他们问去银行怎么走，你用英语回答说你碰巧要经过那里。路并不远，于是你们边走边谈。到银行时，外国朋友感激你的帮助并夸奖你的英语讲得不错。
I. 1.glanced, 2.judge 3.victory 4.measures 5.kindergarten 6 .clapped
7.clothing 8.aim 9.gains 10.mat
II. 1—20 BDDCBＢＤＣＤＢＣＢＢＡＡBBCCC
III. 1. When Zhou Lan performed on the beam, she could keep her balance very well.
2.We offered our advice to him just out of friendship.
3.After three hours’ speech , he lost his voice.
4.The Smiths are content to live in the quiet small town.
5.We glanced at the mark sheet and knew she was the first.
IV．1—20 DBABD CABCD CBBCC CCDCC
V．A. B A B D B B: BB B C: B B
VI 1.usual → unusually 2. what → how 3.√ 4.had → have had
5. will → would 6. a → an 7. and → or 8.waitress → waitresses
9.before → when 10.you → you are
VII． One possible version
Dec. 10, Sunday Cloudy
This morning I went shopping. After I got off the bus, I saw two foreigners asking a middle-aged man the way. But the man didn’t seem to know English at all. So I went up to them, asking in English if I could help them. They said they wanted to go to the bank. I told them I happened to pass by and it was not far away from there. So we went there together, talking on the way. When we got to the bank, hey thanked me for my help and praised me for my good spoken English.
What happened to me this morning made me feel it useful to study English. I’ve made up my mind to work even harder at it.