新目标九年级英语语法总结 Unit1

2015-1-23 23:40:30 下载本试卷

1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group

 by 还可以表示:"在…旁","靠近","在…期间"、"用,""经过","乘车"等

  如:I live by the river.         I have to go back by ten o'clock.

 The thief entered the room by the window.    

The student went to park by bus.

2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 

如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

 talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

 ①What/ how about +doing sth.?  如:What/ How about going shopping?

 ②Why don't you + do sth.? 如:Why don't you go shopping?

 ③Why not + do sth. ?    如:Why not go shopping?    

 ④Let's + do sth.      如: Let's go shopping

 ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.?   如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多  常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能  常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法   三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。



形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son.他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

 ②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk,


She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。



如:  He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not …at all 一点也不  根本不  如:

  I like milk very much. I don't like coffee at all.


 not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

8.   be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth.  

   === be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:

 I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

 I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

9. ① end up doing sth   终止做某事,结束做某事  如:

  The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

② end up with sth.   以…结束 如:

  The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10.  first of all 首先.   to begin with 一开始   later on 后来、随

11.  also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

  either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

  too  也 (用于肯定句)  常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

  make a mistake 犯一个错误 如:I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don't laugh at me!不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… She enjoys playing football.她喜欢踢足球。

  enjoy oneself  过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式  …其中之一

  如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

  如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English.  对于我来说学习英语太难了。

  句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

20. practice doing 练习做某事  如:

  She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:

  LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

  如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。

    I won't write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写

23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事

  如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps === maybe 也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28.  see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生

  see sb. / sth. do   看见某人在做某事 如:

 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。

29. each other 彼此

30. regard… as … 把…看作为….  如:

The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

  much too 太  修饰形容词  如:much too beautiful

32. change… into… 将…变为… 

如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。

33. with the help of sb. == with one's help 在某人的帮助下

 如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下

34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 

如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。

35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来)

  instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词

如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I'm going to Shanghai instead.

去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。

I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。

He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。