2014-5-20 6:00:47 下载本试卷

Unit 12 Mainly Revision



  flat(n.), silly, downtown, standard, postman, mailbox, department store, sex, sigh, frog, mud, loose, warm-blooded, wolf, keep up, cold-blooded, lung, show off, part-time, suit


Inquiring, suggestion and responses(询问、建议及应答)

  1.What would you prefer to do…? 2.How long are you planning to stay over there? 3.Ithink you'd better fly somewhere in the west. 4.Is there anything else I should do? 5.That sounds like a good idea. 6.I say, shall we go downtown this evening? 7.Shall we do…?/Let's do…/Shall we go camping this weekend? 8.What/How+about…? How about a cup of coffee? 9.Why not…?/Why don't you…?/Why no rewrite this notice immediately? 10.You should/ought to+do…=You are supposed to do. You are supposed to arrive at the airport by five o'clock at least. 11.Don't you think it might be a good idea to fix the chair? 12.Have you ever thought of dining out this evening? 13.We might as well buy a good pan. 14.What do you think of seeing him off at the railway station? 15.Would it be better to put up a board near the road? 16.I wonder whether you'd like to have dumplings at lunch. 17.May I suggest leaving a message with his secretary then? 18.I'd like to suggest that you join our club.

  肯定回答时可以用:All right, if that will make you happy. /I'd like that very much. /OK, that's fine. /That sounds like a good idea./That's a good idea./Any time

will suit me.任何时间对我都合适。/Good enough,let's go.好的,我们走吧。/I'd like that very much. /That suits me all right. /That's great. /That's just my cup of tea.这正配我的胃口。/Yes.I think your suggestion sounds reasonable.

  否定回答时可以用:I don't think I will, but thank you all the same. /I'd like

that, but I can't afford the time. /It's a good idea,I suppose,but it may cost a lot of money./It's nice of you to ask,but I don't think so./No,don't bother.i ,别费心了。/No,I don't think so.不,我不这样认为。/Well, I'd rather not. If you don't mind.这个,如果你不介意的话,我还是不这样的好。/I'd rather you wouldn't. /Impossible./Not a bit.一点也不。/I regret to say I can't accept your suggestion. /I'm afraid your proposal is not acceptable.






  European football is played in 80 countries,       it the most popular sport in the world.

  A.making   B.makes    c.made      D.to make






  His parents died, leaving him an orphan.父母去世了,他成为孤儿。

  He ran faster than ever, reaching the school quite out of breath.他跑得更快了,结果到学校时已上气不接下气。

  He cut off the electricity quickly, preventing an accident.他迅速切断了电源,防止了一起意外事故。

  The glass fell to the ground, broken to pieces.杯子掉在地上,打成了碎片。


  I called at her home, only to find the door locked.我去过她家,结果却发现其房


  He hurried to the station, only to be told the train had gone.他匆忙赶到车站,不料被告知火车已经开走了。

  They lifted a rock only to have it drop on their own feet.他们搬起石头,结果却砸了自己的脚。

  It took her nearly half a year to find his address, only to learn that he had

 passed away ten years before.她用了近半年的时间找到了他的地址,结果却得知他已在




(1)  The water of a hot spring(温泉)carries many dissolved minerals,usually

       the water an unusual taste and smell.

  A.to give  B.gives  C.to be given  D.giving

  (2) Mr Brown returned to his office after a holiday, only     broken into.

  A.to find it had been      B.to find it had

  C.finding it had been      D.finding it was

  答案:(1)D  (2)A




1. downtown 作名词意为“城市的商业区;繁华区”。作形容词意为“商业区的”。作


  He lives in the downtown. = He lives downtown.他住在商业区。

  There are several downtown branches of our bank.我们银行在商业区有几家分行。


  They went downtown every week.他们每逢星期天都到商业区去。

  She went downtown to do some shopping the other day.前几天她去商业区购物。

  2.standard 作形容词意为“标准的,合格的”。

  —Your English is standard.

  —Thank you.

  What's the standard size of a twin bed? 标准双人床有多大?


  The living standards of Chinese people have been greatly improved.

  另外,注意:up to standard 达到标准,below standard 底于标准。standard English 标准英语,standard time(以格林威治标准时间为基准的)标准时间。

  3.silly 傻的;糊涂的

  It was silly of you to believe what she said. That's just crocodile's tears.相信她说的话,你真傻。那只不过是鳄鱼的眼泪。


  foolish 强调缺乏智力、智慧或者判断力,像愚人似的做出不合常理的事来。

  I think it's foolish of her to let pass such a fine opportunity to go abroad.我认为她放弃这样一个出国的好机会是十分愚蠢的。

  stupid 常用于生气和责骂时,用于人的性格的指智力或反应迟钝。

  You are not stupid, just lazy! 你不笨,就是懒!

  He is stupid in learning maths. 他学数学很笨。


  I felt silly because I didn't know what to say. 我觉得很傻,因为我不知道说什么好。

  Don't ask such silly questions! 别再问这样傻的问题了。

  4.suit 作及物动词意为“适合;使适应;中意”。作名词意为“一套衣服”。

  —Would Saturday night suit you?星期六你方便吗?

  —Yes,it suits me fine.我很方便。

  Mother bought me a suit of mew clothes.

  The climate here suits me very well.

  The seven o'clock train will suit best. 7点的那一班火车最适宜。


  fit 作形容词是“适合的,能胜任的”。作动词是“使适合,合身,相配,吻合,安装”。作名词是“合身得体的衣服”。

  She is not fit to look after the old. 她不适合照看老人。

  (正)This pair of shoes fits me well/perfectly. 这双鞋我穿着很合适。

  (误)This pair of shoes fits for me well/perfectly.

  (正)This pair of shoes fits well/perfectly. 这双鞋很合适。

  This coat is a good fit.这件大衣很合身。

  Will you please help me fit a mew door? 你能帮我装个新门吗?

  (1)be fit for +名词是“适合……”。be unfit for+名词是“不适合……”。

  My niece is just the girl, who is fit for this job.=My niece is just the girl,who is fit to do this job.

  Her son is unfit for the position, isn't he? 她的儿子不胜任那个职务,是吗?


  (误)This kind of food isn't fit to eat.这种食物不能吃。

  (正)This kind of food isn't fit to be eaten.

  I hope you are keeping fit. 我希望你保持健康的体魄。

  Keep fit and study hard. 注意身体,好好学习。

  (3)fit 指大小、形状的合适,引申为吻合、协调。suit指合乎需要、口味、条件、地位,以及花色、款式等与某人的皮肤、气质、身体或身份相称。match多指大小、色调、形状、性质等的搭配。

  This new jacket fits her well. 这件夹克很合她的身。

  对比:This new jacket suits her beautifully.这件夹克她穿着真漂亮。

  That colour suits you best.

  Try the new key and see if it fits the keyhole.

  Does this time suit you?

  No dish suits all tastes.

  I am afraid Sunday suits me better.


  His experience fits him for the job.

  He suited his speech to his audience.他使自己的演讲适合于听众。

  The People's Great Hall and the Historical Museum match the Tian An Men beautifully.人民大会堂和历史博物馆把天安门陪衬得极为美丽。

  (2)be suited for ……,be suited to do……适合做……;对……适宜

He is suited for teaching.=He is suited to teach.



  1.stay over在外面(旅馆或朋友处)住

  Because of the snowstorm, we couldn't get home that night, and had to stay over in a hotel.

  2.fly away 飞走

  Some birds will fly away to the south in winter.

  3.go to sleep=fall asleep睡着了

  I don't know when I went to sleep last night.

  go to bed 去就寝,上床睡觉。go to sleep睡着了,人睡。

  I usually go to bed at ten and go to sleep a few minutes afterwards.

  4.go deep under the mud 深深地钻进淤泥

  5.many other+复数名词的意思是“很多别的……”

  Besides this desk, we have many other desks in the hall.

  6.a good many=a great many=a large munber of (用于修饰可数名词)许多

  These pupils have read a good many books on popular science.这些小学生读了很多科普方面的书。

  (1)a good 有时表示程度上的“充分、足够”。

  There is a good supply of vegetables.有足够的蔬菜供应。

  (2)对比:a good/great many students很多学生,a good/great many of the students学生中的很多。many a+单数名词+单数谓语

  7.keep out=prevent from entering 阻止不让进人员;置身……之外

  Shut the windows and keep the cold out.

  Warm clothing will keep us the cold out.

  Danger! Keep out!

  I hope you'll keep him out of trouble while I'm away. 我希望我不在的时候,你不要让他惹是生非。

  8.lead/live a(…)life过着……的生活。

  They led a cat's and dog's life before liberation.解放前他们过着牛马不如的生活。

  They lived a miserable life.他们过着悲惨的生活。


  lead an active life过着自由自在的生活,lead an exciting life过着令人激动的生活,live a happy life 过着幸福的生活,lead a hard/rough life 过着艰难的日子

  9.keep up=remain,continue 保持,维持,继续

  You have done very well so far, I hope you can keep it up.

  Will the fine weather keep up?

  I'm glad that you are keeping up your piano practice.你在继续练钢琴,我很高兴。

  keep up 表“继续”时与keep on ,go on同义。但keep up 后面常接名词,keep on,go  on后常接动名词。

  10.below freezing冰点以下

  11.in the usual way以通常的方式

  12.have no choice but to do 别无选择,只得

  On cold winter days some animals have no choice but lie down and sleep.

  In order to make more money to support his large family, he had no choice but to work day and night.

  注意介词but后用动词原形,但在do nothing but 中,介词but后用原形。试对比:

  There was no bus, so they had no choice but to walk home.

  There was no bus, so they didn't do anything but walk home.

  13.keep fairly warm保持相当暖和

  14.more than=not only不只是,不仅仅

  He is more than a reporter, he is a fighter for freedom.他不仅是个记者,他还是一位捍卫自由的战士。

  注意:more than还有“多于”的意思。

   I went more than a kilometre alone.

  15.over zero centigrade零度以上

  16. (次数)+every… 每隔……(次)

  Take this medicine once every four hours. 这药每隔三小时吃一次。(即每四小时一次) 

  He comes here every three days.他每隔两天来这儿一次。(即每三天来这一次)


  The doctor asked him to take the medicine three times a day.医生要他每天服药三次。

  17.cause…to do 引起……干……

  What caused you to be late again?

  18.wake up醒来;叫醒……

  Will you please wake me up at five tomorrow morning?

  What time do you usually wake (up)?

  19.all through…整个……,自始至终,整个……时期内

  The baby cried all through the night.

  He remained on the top of the hill all through the summer.

  20.manage to do=succeed in doing sth.difficult设法作成某事

  He managed to escape to South America.

  manage to do强调设法成功干了……。try to do 不一定成功地干了……。试比较:

  He tried to pay off all his debts, but he lost the chance. (必须通过but暗示出仍未还清债)

  After working hard for years, he managed to pay off his debts. (债已还清)

  21.lie in=exist in 在于

  All our hopes lie in you. Don't disappoint us.

  The accident lies partly in the driver himself.

  22.be connected with=be related to 与……有联系;与……相连接

  Africa is connected wint Asia at the spot where the Suez Canal was dug.

  23.make use of利用

  We make use of electricity erery day.


  Scientists are making the fullest use of those waste materials.


  Do you notice the use they make of time? 你注意到他们使用时间的情况吗?

  24.supply sth.to sb.=supply sb.with sth. = provide sth.for sb.=provide sb.with sth.把……供应给……

  We decide to supply textbooks to these children. =We decide to supply these children with textbooks.

  The media supplies lots of information to us every day. =The media supplies us with lots of information every day.大众传播媒体每天把很多信息提供给我们。

  They provided food and clothing for the poor. =They provide the poor with food and clothing.


  The enemy reduced their houses to ashes.

  His speech reduced us to silence.

   His words reduce everyone there to tears.

  表示降低的百分比时常用by表达。如:reduce the price by 10 percent把价格降低10%,reduce the amount to 80%把数量减少到80。

  26.far below=much lower than 远远低于,比……低得多

  In winter the temperature of Harbin is far below that of Shanghai.

  The production of their factory was far below the normal level last year.

  27.that is to say=that is=in other words换句话说,也就是说

  He will come on Wednesday, that is, on 5th January, 2000.

  28.on warm winter days 在冬天暖和的日子里

  29.make secret food stores for秘密储藏食物

  30.large/great quantities of=a large/great quantity of(修饰可数名词或者不可数名词)大量的。

  You need drink great quantities of water.

  【注意点】表达“少量的”用small quantities of,a small quantity of。注意当quantities作主语时,不管后面是可数名词还是不可数名词,谓语都用复数。如:

  Large quantities of milk have gone bad.


  Lesson 48

  1.show off炫耀,买弄 2.put on 上演,穿上,戴上 3.as to 关于,至于


  1.在本单元第46课中有这样一句:A good many animals sleep under the snow.There is a lot of air in loose snow.这里用了两个表很多的词组,它们是a good many 和a lot of.它们能在换用吗?



  修饰可数名词的有:much,a great/good deal of,amount of,quite a little.

  既修饰可数名词又修饰不可数名词的有:a lot of,plenty of,a large quantity of,

a good supply of.

  (1)many a +单数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  more than one+单数名词,one and a half+复数名词。

  Many a man comes or goes.(=Many men come or go.)很多人来来往往。

  One and a half apples is left on the table.桌子上留有一个半苹果。

  More than one student has been sent to Japan since 1990.自1990年以来,不只一个学生被送到日本学习。

  (2)a great/good many作宾语时,其后一般不跟of,但若名词前有形容词性物主代词,


  A good many of my books were stolen yesterday.昨天,我的许多书被盗了。

  (3)a number of修饰可数名词,作主语时谓语用复数,而the number of表示“……的数目”,修饰名词,作主语时谓语用单数。如:

  The number of the students is small in this school, but a large number of books are lent in the library.


  (4)large amounts of+不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词要用复数形式。对比:

  Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge.大的量的钱都花在了建桥上。

  There is a large amount of work for us to do.大量的工作等待我们去做。

  (5)a large quantity of+名词或large quantities of+名词作主语,谓语动词的单复

数与of后的名词的数无关,而与quantity 的数要保持一致。如:

  There is a large quantity of students in the classroom.教室里有许多学生。

  Large quantities of food are on the table.桌上有很多吃的。

  2.Do what you feel like! (Do what you feel like doing!)你想怎么玩就怎么玩吧!

  feel like doing=would like to do 很想干……。如:

  Do anyone feel like eating something? 有谁想吃点什么吗?

  3。Why don't you hire a car and drive around for a couple of weeks? 你为什么不租一辆汽车转一两个星期呢?

  a couple of “两个,几”,后接可数名词的复数,只用于口语中。如:

  We had walked a couple of miles before we knew. 我们不知不觉已走了几英里。

  She'll go abroad to start her own company in a couple of months.她几个月后就要出国开办自己的公司了。

  4.Some warm-blooded animals,…they lead an active life…有些热血动物……它们生活活跃……

  (1)warm-blooded animals是由“形容词/数词+名词-ed”构成,用来说明事物的特征。


  able-bodied person体格健全的人,cold-blooded animal冷血动物,double-bedded room 有双人床的房间,one-eyed man独眼人,three-legged desk三条腿的桌子,white-haired girl白发女孩。


  lead a poor (happy,hard,miserable,quiet)life过着贫穷(幸福、艰苦、悲惨,安静)


  The Smiths have led an active life since their marriage.史密斯夫妇从结婚以来


  5.Then it has no choice but to lie down and sleep.于是别无选择,只好躺下睡觉。  but在此句是介词,作“除了……以外”(=except)解,常用于否定句中,构成句型:have no choice but to do 除干……别无选择。(对比:cannot choose but +do只有干……)。如:

  He has no choice but to give it up=He cannot choose but give it up.他只有放


  6.Hibernation is more than sheep. 冬眠不只是一般的睡眠。

  more than在本句作“不止于此,不只是”(=not only)讲。如:

  China Daily is more than a newspaper. It helps to improve our English.《中国


  This mobile phone is more than a telephone. It tells you time and weather.这种移动电话不仅仅只是一部电话。它还能报告时间和天气情况。

  7.The second is connected with the main use the body makes of food…(=The second has something to do with the fact that body makes use of food…)第二是与身体利用食物的主要用途有关……。

  (1)make use of 利用,使用/make good use of 好好利用/make full use of充分利用=make the best of.如:

  You must make use of the unsold textbooks.你们必须利用未卖掉的教材。

  (2)be connected with 与……有联系。如:

  His remarks were connected with the recent situation in the Middle East.他有言论同中东最近的形势有关。

  9.Some animals, including some bears, only half-hibernate.有些动物,包括某些熊,只是半冬眠。



  The new traffic rules are made known to everyone,including children(=children included)对每个人,包括儿童在内,都宣讲了新的交通规则。




How Do Frogs Breathe Under Water?


  Under water, frogs breathe through their skins. A frog is an amphibian. That is to say it lives both on land and in water. It has lungs, but it has not ribs and therefore cannot expand its chest and suck air into its lungs as reptiles, birds and mammals do. On land air is drawn in and out of the frog's nostrils, which have valves in them, by pulsations of the floor of the mouth. The air is forced in and out of the lungs by contractions of the throat and body muscles. A frog's mouth is always kept tightly closed and the pulsations of the throat vary from 120—140 times a minute. Even on land the skin plays a greater part in breathing than the lungs. However,air can be absorbed only through a moist skin.

  If the skin became too dry, the frog will die. Therefore the skin contains glands which secrete a clear mucus or slime whose function is to keep the skin moist and supple. The skin absorbs water as well as air, for frogs do not drink.

  Frogs are cold-blooded. That means they are as warm or as cold as the air or water surrounding them. In winter they hibernate under water, where their body temperature falls, their bodily functions are kept at a minimum and breathing is carried on entirely through the skin.




  1.Dog does not eat dog.

  2.Like will to like.

  3.Live and let live.

  4.Diamond cuts diamond.

  5.Boys will be boys.

  6.Money begets money.

  7.Do as the Romans do.

  8.Time is money, but money is not time.

  9.Nothing for nothing.

答案:1.同室不操戈。2. 物以类聚,人以群分。3.待人宽容如待已 4. 强中更有强中手。(天外有天。) 5. 孩子总归是孩子。6. 钱能生钱。7. 人乡随俗。8. 一寸光阴一寸金,寸金难买寸光阴。9. 不费力气,一无所获。







  Do you like to play chess with Uncle Wang after work? (动词不定式to play 的逻辑主语为you)

  Little Tom should love to be taken to the theatre this evening. (动词不定式to be taken 的逻辑主语为Tom,表被动)

  I haven't succeeded in stopping him from going. (动名词preventing作宾语,逻辑主语为I)

  To our puzzle, he came in without being asked. (动名词being asked的逻辑主语为He,表被动)

  Hearing the nwes that their team won the match, they all jumped with joy. (分

词短语Hearing the news 的逻辑主语为they,表时间)

  Seen, it can never be forgotten. (过去分词seem的逻辑主语为it ,表被动)


  On arriving there, we found him sitting in t he chair, happy. (sitting的逻辑主语是him, 表主动)

  Did you find him seated in the chair? (seated的逻辑主语是him,表被动)

  Do you have any letters(for me) to post? (to post的逻辑主语是me,for me可省)

  Do you have any letters to be posted?

  3.不定式的逻辑主语常用for sb.或of sb.来引起,句式是:It+be+for/of sb.to do sth.。(如:post的逻辑主语是letters,是被动关系)

  It's not easy for us to write a composition within 30 minutes.

  It's important for the students to work hard at all of their subjects.

  4.特别需要强调的是of引起的逻辑主语,当前面的表语形容词是说明逻辑主语的特征和特性时,如常用的形容词有:clever,honest,foolish,nice,kind,stupid,wise 等。

  It's foolish of you to say so. (You are foolish to say so.)

  It's wise of him to go away. (He is wise to go away.)

  5.有时不定式短语是对整个句子进行解释,这时它作为独立成分。常见的有:so to speak (可以说),to tell you the truth (说真话)。如:To tell you the truth, I don't want to have noodles every day.


  It being hot, we decided to go swimming in the afternoon.

  Time permitting, we'll visit your school in the near future.

  7.但当有分词短语来解释整个句子,作为独立成分用时,没有逻辑主语,常用的短语有:Generally speaking,supposing,judging from,talking about 等,它也不受原句主语的限制。

  Supposing we lose our way, what shall we do next?

  Judging from his accent(口音),he must be from the south.


  (1)It's important     us    learn a foreign language.

    A.of;to      B.for;that      C.with;to    D.for;to

  (2)The nurse is kind    me. It's kind    her to help me to walk.

    A.of;for      B.for;of       C.to;of     D.to;for

  (3)Do you dnow the boy    under the big tree?

    A.lay       B.lain        C.laying     D.lying

  (4)They knew her very well. They had seen her    up from childhood.

    A.grow       B.grew        C.was growing  D.to grow

  (5)I can't think of    alone any longer.

    A.you living    B.you live      C.you to live  D.you are living

  (6)I advised    at once.

    A.him to starting B.him to start   C.to starting  D.to start

  (7)    “Help!Help!”, these soldiers dashed out.

    A.Having heard  B.Hearing      C.To hear    D.Listening to

  (8)     you the truth,I'm not so keen(热切的)on going.

    A.To tell     B.Telling      C.To be told   D.Tohave told

  (9)     to visit us made us feel very happy.

    A.My uncle coming           B.My uncle's coming

    C.My uncle has come          D.My uncle came

  (10)I feel it an honour    to speak before you all.

    A.Weather permitted          B.Weather permit

    C.Weather permitting          D.Weather being permitted

  答案:(1)—(5)D C D A A (6)—(10) B B A B C



  1.More than one student    been sent to Japan since 1990.

   More than one hundred students      been sent to Japan since 1990.

   A.have,have    B.is,are       C.have,has    D.has,have

  2.The number of the teachers in our college    six hundred.

   A number of teachers in this school    from the countryside.

   A.is,is      B.is,are       C.are,is     D.are,are

  3.Many a professor    looking forward to visiting Germany now.

   Many scientists    studied animals and plants in the last two years.

   A.is,have     B.is,has       C.are,have    D.are,has

  4.Large quantities of cotton     shipped all over the world already.

   A large quantity of bamboo    used for pipes to carry water.

   A.has been,are  B.has been,is     C.have been,is  D.have been,are




  Ling-ling was one of the most popular animal in      1.     

  the world that wasn't a cartoon. And last week      2.     

  Ling-ling, the playful panda giving to the United    3.     

  States by China after Richard Nixon historical 1972   4.     

  visit, was found died of natural cause in her out-door. 5.     

  enclosure (围笼)at the Washington National zoo.      6.     

  She was 23, an oldest panda in capitivity outside    7.     

  of China. Although Nixon never bothered visit them,   8.     

  Ling-ling and her mate Hsing-hsing were the zoo's top   9.     

  attraction. And now,sadly,there was only one.       10.     

答案:1.animalanimal's 2.AndBut 3.givinggiven 4.NixonNixon's  5.dieddead 6.Ö 7.anthe 8.visitto 9. Ö 10wasis



  1.This lion is    . It    .

    A.dangerous,dies         B.in danger,is dying

    C.danger,dies           D.dangerous,is dying

  2.Only by shouting at the top of his voice     himself heard.

   A.was he able to make      B.he was able to make

   C.did he be made         D.he made

  3.—I never know    Miss Wang is.

   —They say she is a nurse.

   A.who       B.what     C.where        D.whoever

  4.The gas,    man can't live, is called oxygen

   A.with which           B.with it

   C.without which          D.without that

  5.    the teacher's instructions and    to put everything back when you have finished your experiment.

   A.To follow;don't forgot     B.Following;not to forget

   C.Follow;not to forget      D.Follow;don't forget

  6.—You cooked us a wonderful meal, Mr Darnay.

   —    .I'm glad you enjoyed it.

   A.It's not good at all      B.Thank you

   C.I don't think so        D.No.just so so

  7.—What colour are you going to get the tables    ?

   —Different colours.

   A.painted             B.to pain

   C.to be painted          D.painting

  8.Yesterday we dug out    .

   A.a buried box o coins      B.a burying box of coins

   C.a box of coin for burying    D.a box of coins to bury

  9.    .Tod, just show him the cheapest.

   A.Whatever he put on       B.No matter what he put on

   C.No matter what he's wearing  D.What he is having on

  10.Einstein found   hard    the other boys.

    A.it;getting on with       B.it;to get along with

    C.that;getting along with    D.that;to get on with


  When I was about 12, I had an“enemy”, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings. Week by week her list (1): I was very thin, I wasn't a good student, I talked (2), I was too proud, and so on. I tried to (3) all this as long as I (4). At last,I became very angry, I ran to my (5)with tears in my eyes.

  He listened to me (6).Then he asked,“Are the things she says(7)—or not? Janet, ditdn't you ever wonder(8)you're really like? Well, you now have that(9)opinion. Go and make a list of everything she (10)and mark the points that are true. Pay(11)attention to the other things she said.”

  I did as he told me. (12)my great surprise,I discovered that about half the things were true.Some of them I couldn't (13)(like being very thin).But a good number I could—and suddenly I wanted to change. For the first time I got a fairly clear picture of(14).I brought the (15)back to Daddy. He (16)to take it.“That's just for you,”he said.“You know(17)than anyone else the truth about youself. But you have to (18)to listen,not just close your ears in anger and feeling(19).When something said about you(20)true, you'll find it will be(21)help to you, Our world is(22)of people who think they know your duty. Don't shut your ears. Listen to them all, but hear the(23)and do what you know(24)the right thing to do.”

  Daddy's(25)has returned to me at many important moments.In my list,I've never had a better piece of advice.

  1.A.grew     B.grows     C.grown      D.was grown

  2.A.too many   B.more      C.too much    D.much too

  3.A.accept    B.promise    C.do       D.bear

  4.A.can      B.could     C.might      D.should

  5.A.mother    B.father     C.brother     D.uncle

  6.A.angrily    B.carelessly   C.sadly      D.quietly

  7.A.wrong     B.good      C.true      D.necessary

  8.A.what     B.that      C.who       D.whom

  9.A.student   B.enemy's    C.his       D.girl's

  10.A.told     B.said      C.asked      D.ordered

  11.A.some     B.more      C.no       D.much

  12.A.In      B.With      C.To       D.By

  13.A.change   B.bear      C.take      D.find

  14.A.myself   B.me       C.ourselves    D.opinions

  15.A.list     B.picture    C.shortcomings  D.opinions

  16.A.wanted   B.refused    C.decided     D.hoped

  17.A.well     B.much      C.better     D.most

  18.A.plan     B.promise    C.study      D.learn

  19.A.wounded   B.hurt      C.injured     D.injuring

  20.A.is      B.was      C.were      D.are

  21.A.in      B.for      C.of       D.with

  22.A.filled   B.full      C.filling     D.crowded

  23.A.thing    B.wrong     C.mistakes    D.truth

  24.A.were     B.was      C.is       D.are

  25.A.advice    B.permission   C.list      D.duty



A Disagreement of Cultures

  In May 1981 the Prince(亲王)of Wales came to the White House for an informal visit before a dinner the following evening.When Prince Charles arrived in the OVAL(椭圆)Office,a service woman asked him whether he wanted coffee or tea.He asked for tea, and a trey was set beside him.

  After a few minutes, I noticed the prince staring rather puzzlingly into his cup,and I thought he seemed a little troubled,he just kept holding the cup up and looking into it,and eventually put it down without drinking anything.Finally,it dawned on me:he had been given a cup containing a tea bag.I thought,well maybe he had never seen one before.After my discovery,I decided to keep quiet,and I asked him about it the following night.

  “I just didn't know what to do with the little bag,”he said.

  1.    met Prince Charles in the White House before the dinner.

  A.A service woman         B.An American President

  C.A government official      D.We have no idea who

  2.From the passage, we know    .

  A.the White House is part of the Oval Office

  B.the Oval Office is part of the White House

  C.the Oval Office is a meeting room only

  D.the Oval Office is used as the presiden't office only

  3.Prince Charles didn't drind anything because    .

  A.he disliked the tea served

  B.the little bag puzzled him a lot

  C.he thought the little bag in the cup was unclean

  D.he wanted to know that was in the bag.

  4.The expression“It dawned on me”in the passage probably means    .

  A.I began to realize his idea

  B.I found he was given a cup with a tea bag

  C.I was sure that he was in trouble of tea

D.I suddenly had a clear idea of it


Smoking and Cancer

  Americans smoke six thousand million cigarettes every year, that is, every person in the country, aged 18 or more, smoked about 4195 cigarettes a year. It has been reported that 51% of American men smoke while 34% of American women do so.

  Since 1939,scientific have shown time and again that smoking does great harm to one's health and that it will shorten one's life.

  Cigarette smoking is believed to most researchers in this field an important

 cause in the development of lungs and throat cancers and is believed to have much to do with some other kinds of cancers.Cigarette smokers suffer from the illness of the heart more often than those who don't smoke.they usually don't breathe in the smoke so deeply.Most of the doctors and researchers consider that there experiments have proved to their satisfaction and say,“Give up smoking.If you don't smoke—don't start!”

  Filters(过滤嘴)are required now to make smoking a bit safer,but they can only reduce, cannot get rid of,its poison.

  A number of doctors and researchers believe that cancers of the lungs, the throat and so on may also be caused by air pollution, or chemical poison that is now being used by farmers in large quantities to destroy plant pests and small animals.

  5.   each smoke about 4195 cigarettes a year.

  A.Americans              B.Ameerican men

  C.American women           D.Americans aged 18 or more

6.It is believed by many researchers that cancers of the lungs and the throat

 are caused    by smoking.

  A.mainly       B.partly     C.in some way   D.sooner or later

  7.Those who don't smoke suffer from the illness of the heart     .

  A.more often     B.liss often   C.more of less   D.sooner or later

  8.Doctors and researchers advise that     .

  A.We should smoke filter cigarettes

  B.We should not breathe in the smoke deeply when smoking

  C.smokers should give up smoking and non-smokers shouldn'tstart smoking.

  D.those who smoke less

  9.From the passage we come to know that people may also die from    .

  A.polluted air             B.chemicals

  C.pests                D.any of the above a,b and C


  1.Lu Xun was more than a writer,he was also a    (革命者)。He died for his motherland.

  2.His    (解释)for being late was not reasonable.He was telling a lie, I think.

  3.She was a    (热心肠的)woman,for she was very kind to us.

  4.Sports and games help to build our bodies and    (品质)as well.

  5.A group of    (意大利)soldiers were advancing toward the position of the enemy.


  Hank was now out of work,so he had some difficulties in   1.      

  support his large family.He often visited Mr. Baker on    2.      

  Sunday,told him about his troubles and asked for two and   3.      

  three pounds.A day,after telling Mr Baker a long story of  4.      

  his troubles,Hank asked five pounds,Mr Baker,a man with   5.      

  a kind heart,found it difficult to refuse the money,though  6.      

  he himself was rich.Then he asked,“I understand your”   7.      

  difficulties, Hank. I'd like to help you. And I'm not    8.      

  going to give you five pounds at this time. I'll lend you  9.      

  the money,and you may give me off next time you see me.”   10.     

  Hank took the money but he never appeared again.  







  答案:(一)1.B 2.A  3.B 4.C 5.D  6.B 7.A 8.A  9.C 10.B 

  (二)1.A 2.C  3.D 4.B 5.B  6.D 7.D 8.A  9.D 10.B 11.C 12.C 13.A 14.A 15.A 16.B 17.C 18.D 19.B 20.A 21.C 22.B 23.B 24.C 25.A 

  (三)1.B 2.B  3.B 4.D 5.D  6.A 7.B 8.C  9.A

  (四)1.revolutionary 2.explanation 3.warm-hearted 4.character 5.Italian

  (五)1.difficulties 改为difficulty 2.support 改为supporting 3.第二个and改为or 4.A改为one 5.asked后加for 6.ˇ 7.rich 改为poor 8.And 改为But 9.去掉 at 10.give改为pay

  (六)In the world today,pollution has become a serious problem facing Man and

his planet.The air,seas,rivers and land have been polluted by all kinds of waste and poisonous matter.It does great harm not only to cause many factories have poisonous smoke sent out into the air.Fish died from polluted water.It is reported that strange diseases have appeared in many places because of pollution.I hope that all the people in the world will take necessary steps and effective measures to solve this seriors problem.We are looking forward to the coming of the day when we see pollution effectively controlled and air cleaned.It is indeeded our urgent task to do everything possible to protect our ecological environment and to keep nature in good balance.